Iran Sponsoring Terrorism in Europe – USA Senior Coverage Advisor – NORWAY NEWS – newest information, breaking tales and remark – NORWAY NEWS

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Iran Sponsoring Terrorism in Europe – USA Senior Policy Advisor – NORWAY NEWS – latest news, breaking stories and comment – NORWAY NEWS
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The Trump administration says it is going to be relentless with its sanctions in opposition to Iran till it’s a “regular nation,” however nonetheless giving main importers of Iranian oil an opportunity to proceed enterprise with out penalties.

Iran has misplaced round $2 billion in oil income since Could, when U.S. President Donald Trump pulled out of the nuclear deal, U.S. Particular Consultant for Iran, Brian Hook, instructed reporters on a name on Monday.

In a teleconference with journalists within the area, Brian H. Hook, US Particular Consultant for Iran and Senior Coverage Adviser to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated the Trump administration’s aim was zero imports of Iranian oil. “We now have ready for at the present time for the previous six months. 1,000,000 Iranian barrels of oil per day have been lowered from the market. Greater than 20 international locations that beforehand imported oil from Iran have stopped” doing so, Hook stated. “We’ll impose most financial strain on Iran till it modifications its behaviour.”

“We now have taken 1 million barrels (of oil) off the market and that alone will scale back the Iranian regime’s oil revenues by $2 billion,” he stated.

Brian Hook, Washington’s particular consultant for Iran, has underlined the dangers for European corporations, warning that any EU nation internet hosting the so-called particular function automobile (SPV) may doubtlessly be sanctioned.

“America is not going to hesitate to sanction any sanctionable exercise in reference to our Iran sanctions regime,” Hook instructed a phone name with European reporters when requested in regards to the automobile.

Hook stated he didn’t see a requirement from European corporations to make use of the SPV as a result of they most popular to spend money on the US.

“For those who take a look at over 100 companies which have determined to decide on the US market over the iranian market, they don’t seem to be trying to avail themselves of any kind of car, they’re very completely happy to proceed working with the US, “He instructed reporters.

The State Division’s director of coverage planning and head of the Iran Motion Group, Brian Hook, speaks in regards to the “Iran Motion Group” throughout a press briefing on the State division in Washington, DC, August 16, 2018. – Pompeo stated the initiative is aimed toward “directing, reviewing and coordinating all features of the State Division’s Iran-related exercise.” (Photograph by Andrew CABALLERO-REYNOLDS / AFP) (Photograph credit score ought to learn ANDREW CABALLERO-REYNOLDS/AFP/Getty Pictures)

“In October, an Iranian murderer was arrested in Denmark for plotting an assault in opposition to members of a dissident group. And then you definately additionally had in June, safety officers arrested an Iranian official for plotting to bomb a political rally within the coronary heart of Paris.

Because the Iranian regime has come to energy in 1979 it has performed terrorist plots, assassinations and assaults in additional than 20 international locations and 5 continents around the globe. And in the event you take a look at the report that I discussed earlier, Outlaw Regime, on the State Division web site, we checklist all of those assassinations and terrorist plots and assaults not solely in Europe, however in all elements of the world.

So we now have applauded European nations who’ve taken motion in opposition to this menace. It is rather unusual to us to see this Iranian regime would spend a lot time making an attempt to maintain the Europeans on-side, on the similar time conducting bomb plots and assassination makes an attempt in Europe. And it’s essential for everyone to grasp that is the regime that they’re coping with, “He instructed to NORWAY NEWS.

Under is a full rush transcript of a press convention by Brian H. Hook, Particular Consultant for Iran and Senior Coverage Advisor on the Secretary of State.

Mr. Brian H. Hook : These are the hardest sanctions on the Iranian regime which have ever been imposed. Secretary Mnuchin stated right this moment it’s the largest-ever single-day motion focusing on the Iranian regime. And right this moment the Treasury Division has sanctioned greater than 700 people, entities, plane, and vessels.

This marks the reimposition of the remaining sanctions that have been lifted or waived below the Iran nuclear deal.

The aim of those sanctions is to decrease the regime’s capability to fund its broad vary of threats to peace and safety. We wish to place unprecedented monetary strain on the Iranian regime so that it’s going to finally come to the negotiating desk and resolve that the price/profit evaluation of behaving like a violent revolutionary regime is not of their favour.

The second spherical of sanctions which have gone into impact give attention to vital sectors of Iran’s economic system comparable to its vitality, delivery, banking and ship-building sectors. Additionally insurance coverage companies and transactions with Iran’s Central Financial institution.

I simply wish to additionally point out that during the last six months —for the reason that time the President introduced he was getting out of the deal- we now have allowed companies and different companies to unwind their investments in Iran, and that additionally consists of the vitality sector. And during the last six months we now have taken at the least a million barrels of Iranian oil off the market. This can be a lack of income of greater than $2 billion. We now have had greater than 20 international locations that imported Iranian oil previous to Could, have now zeroed out their imports due to our sanctions. We’ve additionally had greater than 100 main corporations from around the globe have withdrawn from Iran or canceled their deliberate investments. And that is tens of billions of {dollars} in misplaced funding.

These are the results of behaving like an outlaw regime. The State Division in September launched a report titled “Outlaw Regime” that I encourage all people to try. The Secretary put it out on Twitter and it’s accessible on the State Division’s web site, and it does a pleasant job of summarizing the vary of Iran’s threats to peace and safety, and this consists of terrorism, terror finance, cyber assaults, maritime aggression, missile proliferation. The checklist is kind of in depth.

Query: Turkey is amongst eight international locations granted favor from U.S. oil sanctions on Iran. May you give us some particulars on the phrases and circumstances? And Turkey violated the earlier U.S. sanctions on Iran and till now has repeatedly stated it is not going to adjust to the U.S. sanctions. How do you propose to discover a frequent floor?

Mr. Brian H. Hook : I final week met with the Deputy International Minister from Turkey. I additionally had an excellent dialog with him the week earlier than. Our diplomats have had excellent discussions with Turkey. We did resolve to grant an SRE. As is the case with all SREs, we don’t speak in regards to the phrases of granting the SREs. We determined to subject a handful. Perceive that two of the eight importers have already stopped importing, and there’s a 3rd that will likely be at zero by the top of the yr. So of the eight, there have been three that wanted somewhat little bit of time to conclude. The most important problem we’ve had is guaranteeing that whereas we meet our nationwide safety aims we don’t on the similar time enhance the value of oil. That might be unhealthy for the American economic system, it might be unhealthy for the worldwide economic system, and it might give Iran a bonus if the world have been to see larger oil.

So we now have taken a really considerate strategy. We, as I stated earlier we’ve already taken off two million barrels, from 2.7 to 1.6. There will likely be additional reductions. We now have executed job throughout this era of taking off 1,000,000 barrels of oil. We now have on the similar time ensured an adequately provided and balanced oil market.

Iran has been partaking in worry mongering to attempt to enhance the value of oil. I believe the analysts who observe this perceive that there are robust fundamentals within the oil market, and we now have executed job of balancing nationwide safety and economics.

Query: Do you see the EU’s Particular Objective Automobile as an effort to undermine the U.S.’s most strain marketing campaign? And what message do you need to any European agency that’s pondering of making an attempt to make use of the Particular Objective Automobile to proceed coping with Iran?

Mr. Brian H. Hook : We now have not seen a lot, if any, demand for the Particular Objective Automobile. I believe in the event you check out the over 100 companies which have determined to decide on the US market over the Iranian market, they’re not trying to avail themselves of any kind of car. They’re very happy to proceed working with the US. It’s a lot simpler to work with the US. We now have a clear and open economic system. We don’t have an economic system that’s run by a revolutionary guard corps. And there’s no reputational danger working with the US, not like Iran the place in the event you resolve to spend money on Iran you’re by no means fairly certain whether or not you’re facilitating commerce or terrorism. There’s quite a lot of reputational danger on condition that Iran takes the revenues from its darkish economic system and spends them in supporting Assad, supporting the Houthis, supporting Lebanese Hezbollah, supporting Hamas.

We now have now visited over 30 international locations, groups from the State Division and Treasury have visited over 30 international locations around the globe to coach nations on the risks and the reputational danger of doing enterprise in Iran. We predict that message has been very properly obtained. We now have seen solely assist for our sanctions regime and we don’t anticipate any important company utilizing a Particular Objective Automobile.

Query: Final week studies surfaced a Norwegian man of Iranian origin who deliberate to hold out an assassination try in Denmark. This individual was arrested final week. Are you able to touch upon actions by Iran on European soil?

Mr. Brian H. Hook : That’s a terrific query. In October, an Iranian murderer was arrested in Denmark for plotting an assault in opposition to members of a dissident group. And then you definately additionally had in June, safety officers arrested an Iranian official for plotting to bomb a political rally within the coronary heart of Paris.

Because the Iranian regime has come to energy in 1979 it has performed terrorist plots, assassinations and assaults in additional than 20 international locations and 5 continents around the globe. And in the event you take a look at the report that I discussed earlier, Outlaw Regime, on the State Division web site, we checklist all of those assassinations and terrorist plots and assaults not solely in Europe, however in all elements of the world.

So we now have applauded European nations who’ve taken motion in opposition to this menace. It is rather unusual to us to see this Iranian regime would spend a lot time making an attempt to maintain the Europeans on-side, on the similar time conducting bomb plots and assassination makes an attempt in Europe. And it’s essential for everyone to grasp that is the regime that they’re coping with.

Query: are you able to clarify on the humanitarian commerce aspect, what actions is being taken both through Swift or through different notes from the U.S. authorities, what motion is being taken to permit that commerce to proceed for non-U.S. corporations? And secondly, are you able to affirm that the three civilian nuclear tasks which can be being exempted along with Bushehr, the work on retooling Arak, and Fordow will there be others.

Mr. Brian H. Hook : On the second query, we’ll be releasing a truth sheet on that shortly right this moment.

On the primary query, simply as was executed earlier than, humanitarian transactions to non-designated entities will likely be allowed to make use of the Swift messaging system, simply as they’ve executed earlier than.

America has all the time maintained broad authorizations that permit for the sale of agricultural commodities, meals, drugs and medical units by U.S. individuals or from the US to Iran, after which we additionally present the identical exemptions by non-U.S. individuals, to non-designated individuals in Iran. And we perceive the significance of this humanitarian channel as a result of it does assist the Iranian individuals, and we now have by no means focused humanitarian commerce as a part of any sanctions regime.

America is the biggest donor of humanitarian help on the planet. It could make no sense for us to use something apart from a strong coverage of permission.

The most important problem we now have is with Iran which traditionally has diverted humanitarian transactions away from the Iranian individuals. The Iranian individuals know by varied press studies that they’ve a historical past of guaranteeing that the regime elites obtain humanitarian help, entry to medicines, etcetera. They don’t make these accessible to the Iranian individuals. The longest-suffering victims of the Iranian regime are the Iranian individuals. So, they know, the Iranian individuals know that the regime when it was given over $100 billion in sanctions aid, $1.5 billion in money, they usually selected to spend that wealth on militias and on Bashir Al Assad and terrorism around the globe moderately than addressing the home wants of its personal individuals.

So, we encourage these transactions to happen. Iran must create a monetary sector that’s open and clear to facilitate these humanitarian gross sales that are permitted by our sanctions regime.

Query: Whether or not any international locations have utilized for waiver exemptions inside Europe that weren’t granted them. I see for one, Spain has not been granted a waiver regardless of the actual fact they have been importing extra crude oil than Greece and Italy, who’ve been given for a lot of this time, and if there’s any coloration you could possibly give round that call.

And simply secondly, in a short time, you reported on Friday that Russia has stated it is going to proceed buying and selling oil with Iran. I simply questioned whether or not you had any response to that below their so-called Oil for Items program.

Mr. Brian H. Hook : America is not going to hesitate to sanction any sanctionable exercise in reference to our Iran sanctions regime. That’s the reply to the second query.

On the primary one, we’ve had 20 international locations, as I stated, which have already zeroed out their imports. We now have solely needed to grant a handful of waivers for the explanations I’ve talked about earlier, however we’re very glad with the structure that we now have arrange. So I can’t say a lot past that.

We now have, of the eight, there are solely 5 which can be important. The opposite three are already at zero, they usually’re simply ending up a fee, or they’ll be executed by the top of the yr.

So most international locations, nearly all of the international locations that import Iranian crude have gone to zero, and our coverage, our aim stays getting international locations to zero over time, and we’re not trying to grant exemptions or waivers. I talked in regards to the the explanation why we did it this time. So we’ll be, over the subsequent six months the numerous discount exceptions are granted for a interval of six months, after which after we get to Could, we’ll be reassessing the place we’re with our diplomacy. We’re hopeful that we’ll have a extra robustly provided oil market. Proper now it’s adequately provided. We’ve seen extra provide approaching in 2019, which after all places us in a greater place to speed up our path to zero.

Query: This unprecedented sanction and strain in opposition to Iran did you see any window that you simply missed for the Iranian authorities to reengage on the regional and with the worldwide neighborhood on the issues of concern whether or not it’s nuclear or ballistic exercise?

Mr. Brian H. Hook : The President and the Secretary of State have made clear that we’re open to negotiations with Iran. The Ayatollah has stated publicly that the Iranian regime requires hostility with the US. They’ve stated on a variety of completely different events that they don’t seem to be, Iran is just not in search of talks with us. However we now have made it clear, Secretary Pompeo made it clear in Could when he listed the 12 necessities that Iran should meet. These 12 necessities mirrored the worldwide consensus previous to the adoption of the Iran Nuclear Deal. We’re merely asking the Islamic Republic to behave like a standard nation in order that it may well benefit from the privileges of a standard nation. Regular international locations don’t terrorize different nations, proliferate missiles and rob their very own individuals blind. This can be a darkish non secular dictatorship that has been imposing monumental struggling for 39 years on the Iranian individuals. Lots of the calls for that the Iranian individuals make are the identical calls for that we’re making.

We wish Iran to get out of Syria. So would the Iranian individuals. You noticed that within the protests in December and January the place individuals have been holding up indicators saying, “Overlook Syria, Bear in mind Us.”

So we expect that we now have been very clear about the very best path going ahead. If Iran is prepared to start out behaving like a standard nation and we are able to get to a brand new settlement that addresses your complete vary of threats that Iran presents to peace and safety, then it’s a really optimistic future for the Iranian individuals. Full diplomatic relations with the US, industrial relations. We’d welcome Iran into the worldwide monetary neighborhood.

The issue is that as a result of the regime has behaved like a revolutionary regime for 39 years, the regime, the nation has gone by financial and diplomatic isolation for a lot of its historical past. That actually isn’t for the good thing about the Iranian individuals. They pay an unlimited value for the revolutionary conduct of this regime.

So we hope and are assured in our diplomacy, deployment of most strain apart from to disclaim than revenues to fund terrorism and violent misadventures around the globe, is to get them to come back again to the negotiating desk. Traditionally, that has labored. Within the run-up to the Iran Nuclear Deal within the final administration you had quite a lot of financial strain that was placed on Iran, they usually ultimately got here to the desk. We anticipate the identical final result below the present sanctions regime.

Query: What dangers are there for vitality markets in EU international locations of the outcomes of the sanctions in opposition to Iran?

Mr. Brian H. Hook : We don’t see any danger to the vitality market as a result of we now have, the US has elevated its crude oil manufacturing. We’re up by 1.7 million barrels per day. Our exports are up a million barrels. Over the subsequent yr U.S. manufacturing will enhance by a million barrels per day or extra. The Saudis have elevated manufacturing, Iraq, Russia, they’ve all elevated manufacturing. So we see in 2018, we anticipate that offer will exceed demand, and I believe the value at Brent in Could is about the identical value it’s now, which exhibits that we now have been capable of take off 1,000,000 barrels of Iranian crude with out growing the value of oil.

We’ll guarantee, as we proceed to take extra barrels of Iranian crude off the market that these are changed with various crude provides to maintain the oil market secure and properly provided.

Query: Earlier you described the Particular Objective Automobile principally as an empty gap. These weren’t your phrases, however you described it as one thing that isn’t gaining a number of traction in the marketplace.

Nonetheless, it does appear to be held up as type of a shiny object in Tehran by these individuals who argue in favor of upholding the phrases of the JCPOA.

So my query to you is, is it really within the U.S. curiosity to, are you really encouraging the Europeans to maintain up their work, that solution to give the Iranians a motive to not begin partaking in nuclear exercise? Or put otherwise, what would you just like the Europeans to do otherwise than they’re doing now?

Mr. Brian H. Hook : Whether or not the Europeans and the opposite events to the deal present or don’t present financial advantages to the regime below the JCPOA is irrelevant to the broader query of whether or not Iran ought to restart its nuclear program. That might be an unlimited mistake. If Iran have been to do this, then that may presumably finish the nuclear deal.

We’ve made our determination to get out of the deal. Different nations must make their very own selections of their sovereign capability. We’re very a lot centered on the longer term, not the previous. We’re centered on getting a brand new and higher deal, one that doesn’t simply tackle one menace that Iran presents to peace and safety, however the vary of threats that Iran presents. We predict that was one of many errors of the Iran deal, was that it was slim. It was too slim. After which it gave a inexperienced gentle to Iran to interact in all the non-nuclear threats to peace and safety which Iran has executed for the lifetime of its regime.

Going again to your query in regards to the Particular Objective Automobile, doing enterprise with the regime simply provides it revenues. You’re simply giving revenues to the primary state sponsor of terrorism on the planet. And once you take a look at the prices of doing enterprise, we see it illustrated by the terrorist actions inside Europe: in Paris and in Denmark. So we expect that it’s in Europe’s finest curiosity to take the vary of threats that Iran presents with extra focus. We all know that we share the identical menace evaluation. We predict it’s essential for the members of the European Union to take motion in opposition to Iran’s missile program, which has been proliferating across the Center East, in Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Lebanon. We’re very happy to see greater than 100 corporations which have determined to finish doing enterprise with Iran. We predict that quantity will develop. And we’ll proceed to take all of the actions that we expect are needed to enhance the safety of the American individuals and to place sufficient strain on the regime in order that it decides to vary its conduct.

Query: I needed to know if the European nation internet hosting the SPV could be talked to by U.S. sanctions? So the headquartering nation of SPV, would it not be weak to U.S. sanctions? Thanks.

Mr. Brian H. Hook : If a person or entity engages in a transaction that’s in violation of our sanctions regime then, as we’ve stated repeatedly, we’ll sanction sanctionable exercise.

We don’t anticipate a lot want for this as a result of we now have already seen such monumental assist for our method ahead. In case you are a significant European firm or in the event you’re a significant firm anyplace on the planet, you’ll select, in the event you’re given a selection between doing enterprise in the US and doing enterprise with Iran, it is going to be the quickest determination you ever make as CEO. So we simply don’t anticipate individuals availing themselves of any type of automobile to evade our sanctions regime.

Brian Hook is the U.S. Particular Consultant for Iran and Senior Coverage Advisor to the Secretary of State. Previous to this appointment, he served as Director of the Coverage Planning Employees from 2017-2018.

From 2009-2017, he managed a global strategic consulting agency primarily based in Washington, DC. He held a variety of senior positions within the Bush Administration, together with Assistant Secretary of State for Worldwide Organizations; Senior Advisor to the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations;

Particular Assistant to the President for Coverage within the White Home Chief of Employees’s workplace; and Counsel, Workplace of Authorized Coverage, on the Justice Division.

He practiced company legislation at Hogan & Hartson in Washington from 1999-2003. Earlier than practising legislation, he served as an advisor to Iowa Governor Terry Branstad and to U.S. Congressman James Leach.




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